Science discovered in the 20th century
what the Qur'an had revelaed 1400 years ago about the expanding universe.
Posted: 24 Zul-Qa'dah 1422, 7 February 2002
In 1929, in the California Mount Wilson observatory, an American astronomer by the name
of Edwin Hubble made one of the greatest discoveries in the history of astronomy. While he
observed the stars with a giant telescope, he found out that the light fromthem was
shifted to the red end of the spectrum and that this shift was more pronounced the further
a star was from the earth. This discovery had an electrifying effect in the world of
science, because according to the recognised rules of physics, the spectra of light beams
travelling towards the point of observation tend towards violet while the spectra of the
light beams moving away from the point of observation tend towards red. During Hubble's
observations, the light from stars was discovered to tend towards red. This meant that
they were constantly moving away from us.
Before long, Hubble made another very important discovery: Stars and galaxies moved
away not only from us, but also from one another. The only conclusion that could be
derived from a universe where everything moves away from everything else is that the
universe constantly 'expands'.
To better understand, the universe can be thought of as the surface of a balloon being
blown up. Just as the points on the surface of a balloon move apart from each other as the
balloon is inflated, so do the objects in space move apart from each other as the universe
The expansion of the universe is one of the
most important pieces of evidence that the universe was created out of nothing.
In fact, this had been theoretically discovered even earlier. Albert Einstein, who is
considered the greatest scientist of the century, had concluded after the calculations he
made in theoretical physics that the universe could not be static. However, he had laid
his discovery to rest simply not to conflict with the widely recognised static universe
model of his time. Later on, Einstein was to identify his act as 'the greatest mistake of
his career'. Subsequently, it became definite by Hubble's observations that the universe
What importance, then, did the fact that the universe expands have on the existence of
The expansion of the universe implied that if it could travel backwards in time, the
universe would prove to have originated from a single point. The calculations showed that
this 'single point' that harboured all the matter of the universe should have 'zero
volume' and 'infinite density'. The universe had come about by the explosion of this
single point with zero volume. This great explosion that marked the beginning of the
universe was named the 'Big Bang' and the theory started to be so called.
It has to be stated that 'zero volume' is a theoretical expression used for descriptive
purposes. Science can define the concept of 'nothingness', which is beyond the limits of
human comprehension, only by expressing it as'a point with zero volume'. In truth, 'a
point with no volume' means 'nothingness'. The universe has come into being from
nothingness. In other words, it was created.
The Big Bang theory showed that in the beginning all the objects in the universe were
of one piece and then were parted. This fact, which was revealed by the Big Bang theory
was stated in the Qur'an 14 centuries ago, when people had a very limited knowledge about
"Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together
(as one unit of creation), before We clove them asunder? We made from water every living
thing. Will they not then believe?" [Al-Anbiyaa 21:30]
As stated in the verse, everything, even the 'heavens and the earth' that were not yet
created, were created with a Big Bang out of a single point, and shaped the present
universe by being parted from each other.
When we compare the statements in the verse with the Big Bang theory, we see that they
fully agree with each other. However, the Big Bang was introduced as a scientific theory
only in the 20th century.
The expansion of the universe is one of the most important pieces of evidence that the
universe was created out of nothing. Although this fact was not discovered by science
until the 20th century, Allah has informed us of this reality in the Qur'an revealed 1,400
"It is We who have built the universe with (Our creative) power, and, verily, it
is We who are steadily expanding it." [Az-Zariyat 51:47]
Further Reading: The Creation of the Universe