The Battle of Ain Jaloot
The Tartars conquered land after land in the
Muslim world. They seemed more powerful than any "super power" we can imagine.
Then at Ain Jaloot the tables were turned.
Posted: 16 Muharram 1423, 31 March 2002
Towards the end of 1258 CE the Tartars started invading the Muslim
lands. When Caliph Abu Ahmad Al-Muta'sim began preparing an army to stop the invasion, his
minister Al-Alkami tricked him by convincing him to make friends with the invaders.
Al-Alkami wrote secret letters to the Tartars promising them to halt any resistance
against them provided that they appointed him as a Caliph and allowed him to establish his
own Shia' state in Baghdad. When Al-Alkami misinformed Caliph Abu Ahmad Al-Muta'sim
and made him think that a peace agreement had been reached with the Tartars, Al Muta'sim
left with his minister, scholars, and leaders to Baghdad to meet the leader of the
Tartars, who killed them all, and captured Baghdad. After that the Tartars killed
Al-Alkami too because they knew that a person who betrays his leader wouldn't spare his
After the invasion of Baghdad the Tartars conquered Iraq, Syria,
Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, and parts of Egypt. After the downfall of Damascus, the
Tartars headed to Egypt and Morocco. The Tartar leader sent a letter full of threats to
the Amir of Egypt, Amir Qutz. Amir Qutz had a different reply then the rest of the Muslim
leaders. Instead of showing any fear, he challenged them. When Amir Qutz's reply reached
the Tartars through their spies in Egypt they knew that they were going to face a
different type of enemy.
Unity- The Key to Success: Amir Qutz started preparing for the war. To
achieve unity he sent messages to the dispersed leaders of the Mamaleeks such as Beebers
Al-Bandakari (who was later known as Beebers the superior) asking them to get rid of their
unimportant differences and unite to defeat their main enemies.
The most renowned scholar who contributed to this cause was the Sultan
of the Scholars Al-Izz Bin Abdus Salam. He encouraged Amir Qutz to fight the Tartars and
all Mulisms to unite under his banner for this purpose.
The results were tremendous. Before the Muslims didn't have the
strength to fight the Tartars but now the Muslims gained strength and left Egypt for
Syria. Before the Muslims never left their city to go out and fight. In Syria the
Muslims led by Amir Mahmood Saifuddin Qutz moved outside the city and reached a place
called Ain Jaloot and the battle took place there. Amir Qutz ordered his army to start
moving to face the enemy. He also sent an exploratory battalion under the leadership of
Beebers towards Gaza in Palestine, which faced parts of the Tartars army in small
amounts and beat them, covering the movements of the main army under the leadership of
Amir Qutz, which finally arrived near the Palestine shore where the Crusaders had some
strongholds. Amir Qutz warned the Crusaders and made it clear to them that he could finish
them before he met the Tartars if they didnt stay neutral in this war. Realizing the
authenticity of this threat and seeing the power of the Muslim army, the Crusaders were
forced to stay neutral.
When the Muslim army came close to the enemy, Amir Qutz, selected the
battlefield to be in a valley surrounded by mountains and he steadied some of his soldiers
on the mountains to protect the back of the army against any possible enemy. When the
Tartars army finally came, fighting erupted in the battlefield and the battle became
in favor of the Tartars, their armys right wing started overcoming the Muslim armies
left wing. When the Muslims started retreating, Amir Qutzs climbed on a rock and shouted
urging the Muslim army to keep firm and
fight there enemies. The Muslims fought on and soon after the battle became in favor of
the Muslims, until the Tartar army was shattered. Many of its soldiers were being killed
or captivated. Not one Tartar escaped death or capture. In this way the Tartars were