U B S C R I B E T O
N E W S L E T T E R
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Types of Fasting
There are six kinds of fasting:
1. Fard: Fast of Ramadan. If the fasts of Ramadan are missed due to a
genuine reason, it is imperative to observe them later.
2. Wajib: If one has made a vow to observe some fast it is wajib to do
3. Sunnah: The fast which the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa
sallam, himself observed or urged his followers to observe. Ashura fast on the ninth and
tenth of Muharram, fast of the day of Arafah on ninth of Dhulhijjah, and fast of the Ayam
Baid (thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth of every lunar month).
4. Nafl: Six fasts of month of Shawwal, fast of every Monday and
Thursday, fast of fifteenth of Sha'ban, and eight fasts during the first ten days of
5. Makrooh: Fasts observed only on Saturday or Sunday, only on the
tenth day of
Muharram, fast of a women without her husband's permission, fasting without a break.
6. Haram: Fasts on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr, on the day of Eid-ul-Adha,
the tashreeq days (eleventh to thirteenth of Dhulhijjah).
Parts of Fasting:
- To have a suhoor meal even if it consists of few dates or few
drops of water.
- To have an intention of fast before going to bed at night.
- To eat suhoor shortly before dawn and to break the fast just
- To break the fast with dates or water.
- To abstain from backbiting, losing temper, lying, etc.
Valid Reasons for Not Observing the Fast:
- Being on a journey
- Risk of life
People who are unable to observe the fasts of Ramadan due to some
reason should abstain from eating and drinking openly, but should show due reverence for
the sacred month. A person who fulfills the conditions which make observance of the fast
incumbent upon them, and then their fast is invalidated due to some reasons, are required
to conduct themselves like the ones observing the fast.
Missed Fasts (Qadha):
The fasts of Ramadan which have been missed due to some reasons, must
not be deferred indefinitely, but observed as soon as possible.
It is not necessary to fix the day for observing the missed fast.
A person has to be mindful in his intention of the year of the
missed fast of which he intends to observe on a particular day.
For observing the missed fast, one has to have the intention during
the night. To have the intention after the break of dawn would be useless for such a fast
would be considered only as a voluntary fast (Nafl).
If a person has missed some Ramadan fasts, but before he could
observe them on other days, the next Ramadan has approached, he has to observe the Ramadan
fasts and defer the missed fasts of the previous Ramadan to a later time.
Expiation is obligatory only in the case of the Ramadan fasts when
they are rendered void intentionally without any genuine reason.
Fasting for two months continuously. If a break occurs, one has to
start afresh and fast for full 60 days continuously regardless the number of fasts
If more than one fasts are rendered void during the same month of
Ramadan, one will be required to make only one expiation.
If a person cannot observe the fast due to some reasons, it is
obligatory upon him to feed 60 indigent persons in the morning and evening, if possible,
on the same day.
While feeding the poor it has to be seen that they are grownup and
one should be moderate, the food should neither be very cheap nor expensive.
Expiation will not be valid if one and the same needy person is fed
in the morning and evening.
A person who is extremely weak due to old age or disease cannot fast
and has no hope of early recovery has been allowed by Shari'ah not to fast, but to feed a
Quantity of fidyah for one fast is same as that of Sadaqatul Fitr.
It may be given in the shape of corn, cooked food, its price, or by feeding a poor person
twice a day in the morning and the evening.
If a person, after paying of fidyah, regains health, he should
observe the missed fasts.
If a dying person, who has to observe some missed fasts makes a
will, that fidyah should be paid for his missed fasts out of his property, it is incumbent
upon his heirs to pay off the required fidyah.
If the dying person has made no will, the heirs themselves may pay
off fidyah for his missed fasts, hoping from Allah that He will accept it.
If a person observing a voluntary fast is invited to a feast and he
feels that his refusal to partake of food will displease the host, or the host will not
touch food without his participation, the faster may break the fast and observe it on
It is highly undesirable for a women to observe a fast other than
the Ramadan fasts without leave of the husband. If she has commenced a fast, she will have
to break it if the husband so desires; than in case she has to observe the fast in another
day, she will do so by the husbands consent.
It has not been approved to start fasting a day or two before the
commencement of Ramadan. The Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, said:
"Nobody is to commence fasting, a day or two before Ramadan; however if a person has
been fasting on a particular day, he may." (Bukhari)