Reciting Qur'an for the Deceased. Transmitting Rewards
|Q.) 1) What is the Islamic justification of the assumption that Quran Khawani
for a deceased person benefits that person? Is there evidence of this practice during the
life of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam? If not, why is it not a bid'at?
How can this benefit the deceased person in the light of Q2 below?
2) What is the meaning of Isaal-e-Thawab? I have come across a hadith that read (paraphrased): After death only three things can benefit a person: 1) sadaqa 2) knowledge that he spread, 3) children who pray for him. What makes us believe that there are other ways to benefit the person who has deceased through Isaal-e-Thawaab? [Muhammad Basit]
A.) 1) Ref. below
2. Isaal-e-Sawaab (to perform a virtuous act and grant the reward to any person, alive or deceased) is permissible. On numerous occasions, Nabi, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, advised the Sahabah, Radi-Allahu anhum, to give charity on behalf of the deceased. One specific incident is of Sayyidna Abu Talha, Radi-Allahu Anhu, when the Ayah, You cannot attain virtue until your spend what is beloved to you (Nisaa 4). Abu Talha gave his most valuable well and garden, Bir Haa as charity on behalf of his deceased mother. In fact, Rasulullah, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, slaughtered 100 sheep during his farewell Hajj and made intention for himself and all those (alive, deceased and to come) who bring faith on his prophethood. (Nasbur Raaya, Allama Zailee)
Almighty Allah Taăla states in the Noble Qurăn, 'O` you who believe! Obey Allah and His Rasul.'
The life of the Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, is indeed the best example for us to follow. During the time of the Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, many of his family members, his wives, daughters, uncles and his illustrious companions left the world whilst engaged in the most noble work and effort of uplifting the religion of Islam. Despite the Prophet's deep love for them, he did not (on any single occasion) commemorate the innovative custom of inviting people on different intervals to recite the Quraan for Isaal-e-Sawaab.
While we do believe in Isaal-e-Sawaab, however, the act of inviting people for Quran Khatam and Dhikr, etc. has taken much prominence and people regard it as compulsory. In principle, if any permissible act is regarded as compulsory in Shar'iah it becomes Bidat as that is distortion of Deen.
Concerned and beloved ones should recite Quran or perform any act of virtue, i.e. give charity, etc. with sincerity and gift it to the deceased. That is closer to the Sunnah and more beneficial to the deceased than performing an act of Bidat which is of no benefit to the deceased, thus, defeating the actual purpose. And Allah Taăla Knows Best.